Blood Glucose Management. Hypoglycemia/Hyperglycemia

Blood Glucose Management is most important for our life. If blood glucose level  is higher it can dangerous for us that is called hyperglycemia, if blood glucose level go lower side it also very risky some time person could be faint due to lower glucose lever that called hypoglycemia.

Here are some of the signs & symptoms of Hyperglycemia (when blood glucose levels are higher than the range at which the body functions optimally) and Hypoglycemia (when blood glucose levels drop Hypoglycemia below this range).

Remember that any of these symptoms does not necessarily mean that you have the condition. The best way to know is to test your blood glucose and consult your doctor. Some of the Signs & Symptoms of Hyperglycemia.

Increased thirst and urination, weakness, pain in stomach, aching all Weakness, pain in stomach, aching allover Heavy labored breathing heavy labored breathing loss of appetite, nausea and vomiting, fatigue Large amounts of sugar in blood Ketones in urine.

What can you do?

Call the Doctor immediately
Take fluids without sugar if able to swallow
Test blood glucose frequently
Test urine for ketones

What are the causes?

Not enough insulin
Too much food
Infection, fever, illness
Emotional stress

Some of the Signs & Symptoms of Hypoglycemia

Cold sweats, dizziness, feeling faint Headache
Pounding of heart, trembling, nervousness Blurred vision Hunger
Inability to awaken
Personality changes

What can you do?

Take Glucose tablets or orange juice (Your
doctor may have specific instructions for you)
Educate yourself about the 15-15 rule
Check blood glucose levels
Do not give insulin
Do not give anything by mouth if unconscious
Give glucagon according to package
instructions

What are the causes?

Too much insulin
Not enough food
Unusual amount of exercise
Delayed meals
Alcohol effects without food

How can you avoid Hyperglycemia or Hypoglycemia?

Consult your Doctor and work with your dietitian/ diabetes educator. Your dietitian can recommend a diet suited to your lifestyle and preferences. She/he can also show you the amounts of calories, carbohydrates, fats & proteins you are consuming presently, if you give him/her the information of the exact amounts consumed. So keeping a food record
is a useful tool.

Eating Tips on Blood Glucose Management Eating Tips on Blood Glucose Management

(Ask your doctor what the optimal range of blood glucose for you should be and try to keep your blood glucose within this range)

There is no diet known as a ‘diabetes diet’ and no special foods are necessary. The Introduction explains how the body regulates glucose levels in the blood from the foods we eat. Foods available in the supermarket can be used and can be eaten but with the information and awareness, you can combine health-promoting foods in a moderate amounts so that the insulin produced by your body (along with any other medication that is prescribed by your Medical Provider) will help your body use the foods you eat and keep the blood glucose (or ‘blood sugar’ as it is commonly called) within the doctor prescribed range.

Here are some tools that can help you achieve this goal:

1. Keep a record of foods and the approximate amounts till you get a good working knowledge with the help of your Medical Provider and Dietitian.

2. Use heart-healthy fats and oils – monounsaturated oils like olive oil, canola oil are recommended. If you use ghee, keep it to a minimum and for occasional use but also count it in your total daily fat allowance.

3. Include plenty of fresh or cooked vegetables (stir-fried with 1-2 tsps of oil to season for 3-4 cups of vegetables is recommended). Eating patterns of some regions talk about the small quantity of vegetables eaten.

This is where the eating patterns can be improved. While stir frying vegetables, use the spices, garlic, onion, coriander and other spices of your choice to improve taste instead of large amounts fats and oils.

Try to avoid ‘feasting’ and ‘fasting’. If you fast, make sure that you have a good balanced meal before and after a ‘fast’.

4. Make sure you include 6-8 cups of water every day. Try to avoid soda or juices as a beverage substitute for water especially for young children as this can become a habit that is tough to break!

5. Eat 3-4 cups of vegetables (without much oil) and fruits with whole grain cereals, brown basmati, whole wheat flour, oats to increase fiber intake

6. Avoid excess salt while garnishing foods.

7. Foods like ginger, onion, garlic, cumin seeds, fenugreek seeds, fennel seeds, curry leaves, coriander leaves etc have been recommended in Ayurveda and can continue to be included

8. Include a workout program that includes Yoga (after you check this out with your Medical Provider) everyday or at least 3-4 times a week.

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